NABZ – The River Of Life – By Dr.Afroz Fathima

what is NABZ? PULSE of an individual , Each one of us have experienced it when we visit the doctor the first thing to be examined is pulse . But do we actually know the importance of it ? wait wait !!! you are missing out something , which pulse are we discussing here ? East pulse or West pulse , now that is a little confusing ryt ? chill let me explain it to u .

In western medicine , a doctor would check your pulse to monitor your heart’s rate, rhythm and regularity. However according to Unani Science your pulse is not just limited to the heart ,but also helps to derive information about the functioning of your body as a whole , which means Its a Master’s Art !! so pulse diagnosis should only be practised by specialist Unani doctors.

How To Examine The NABZ According to Unani Science ?

According to Unani Science the radial artery at the wrist, just medial to the radius bone and proximal to the thumb, on the prone side of the wrist, is used to read the pulse,which has several distinct advantages:The artery can be easily presented to the physician, without undue difficulty, discomfort, embarrassment or distress.The radial artery branches out fairly closely and directly from the heart, receiving a strong, robust flow and pulsation of blood.  It is also in the middle part of the body, not too high and not too low, and therefore is representative of the whole organism and all its major organs.



The physician’s middle finger is placed on the radial artery, directly across from the prominence of the radius bone, with the other two adjacent fingers falling naturally right next to it.  The big difference is that, in the Unani method, the index finger lies closest to the heart, whereas, in the Chinese system, the fingers are reversed, with the index finger lying most distal from the heart, and the ring finger closest to the heart. 

Sometimes Unani physicians, in taking the pulse, will dispense with the ring finger, and just use the index and middle fingers, adjusting their relative pressures to see how the pulse responds.  When this is done, it’s not so much the organ pulses that are being felt, but rather the overall quality and gait of the pulse.


 A perfectly healthy, balanced pulse will be felt equally and moderately in all the organ pulse positions. Disharmony and imbalances of organ function will produce organ pulses that are similarly disturbed, unbalanced or unequal.  Basically, an excessively strong or full organ pulse indicates a fullness, congestion, or obstruction, either humoral or energetic in nature, occurring within that organ, depending on its quality.  Conversely, a weak or deficient organ pulse indicates a weakness or deficiency of the corresponding organ.


yes u read it ryt . The temperament and pulse of an individual are closely matching up , The Four Basic Qualities (hot,cold,dry,wet) are detectable in the basic parameters of the pulse too . By mixing and matching these pulse parameters, you obtain the pulses for the compound temperaments. The pulses indicative of the four compound temperaments are not necessarily constitutional in nature.  They do, however, indicate conditions of compound temperament currently prevailing in the body.

DUMVI –Sanguine (Warm and Moist):  moderate speed to slightly rapid, and moderately soft and relaxed, with good vitality.
     SAFRAVI-Choleric (Hot and Dry):  rapid, forceful and clearly defined.
   SAUDAVI-  Melancholic (Cold and Dry):  slow or weak, tense or constricted, thin and clearly defined.
   BALGHUMI-  Phlegmatic (Cold and Wet):  deep, slow and soft.


Pulse diagnosis requires that you first clear the mind of all extraneous thoughts and distractions, then focus it completely on feeling the patient’s pulses through your fingertips. Here is an exercise you can practice to increase the sensitivity of your finger tips to master the art of nabz diagnosis.

  Hold your hands out in front of you with the palms facing each other, and the fingertips touching.  Then, start to concentrate on feeling the blood pulsating through the capillaries at the tips of the fingers.  How many fingertips can you feel pulsations at?Of course, the best and most specific training for pulse diagnosis is taking as many pulses as you can.  Start by taking the pulses of friends and acquaintances and seeing what you can detect in their pulse, starting with the basic qualities and parameters.  This will build up your skill and confidence, not to mention your clinical experience. 



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